In order for sports to be beneficial and pleasurable, they must correspond not only to physical abilities, but also to character. If you like individual training, choose jogging, swimming or gym classes. Fans of dynamics, drive and fast music will use incendiary aerobics or shaping. Well, if you prefer quiet exercises to “slow” music, we recommend that you pay attention to Pilates and callanetics.
Despite the names that are somewhat unusual for our ear, Pilates and callanetics are very similar in many respects. These fitness systems have virtually no contraindications, age restrictions and initial physical fitness. That is why they are considered the best types of physical activity for pregnant women and young mothers. Engaged in them, there is no need to maintain a fast pace and master shock loads. But they perfectly help to fight excess weight, develop flexibility and mobility, give strength.
For a long time, Pilates and callanetics were the secret of the youth and beauty of Madonna, Claudia Schiffer, Cindy Crawford, Julia Roberts and other celebrities. Now these exercise systems are available to everyone.
There are more than 600 muscles in the human body, but most of them “sleep”, with almost no stress in everyday life. Yes, and many types of training are "engaged" mainly in the most powerful, superficial muscles. For example, there are exercises in which the main load goes to one pair of muscles or muscle group (biceps, triceps, oblique muscles of the abdomen).
In Pilates and Callanetics, all movements are performed in such a way as to simultaneously affect several muscle groups with the same load. This provides a truly harmonious development of the body. In addition, both of these systems include many stretching, or stretching exercises, which are very beneficial for joints and ligaments.
Pilates and callanetics do not belong to aerobic training, during which there is a sharp "burning" of fat. Instead, the muscles gradually become stronger. It is clear that this approach will not provide a quick elimination of extra pounds, since muscle tissue weighs even slightly more than fat. In this matter, Pilates and callanetics work for the future. After all, when the body is in good shape, even at rest, more calories are consumed than an untrained person. Muscles are the body’s most metabolically active tissue: the more muscle cells there are in the body, the faster the main metabolism occurs, which means that there is less risk of fattening.
The founder of this system, Joseph Pilates, was born in 1880 in Germany, near Dusseldorf. From childhood, he suffered a whole "bunch" of diseases (rickets, asthma, rheumatic fever), which limited his ability to play sports. But nature of Joseph did not deprive him of willpower. Having decided at all costs to catch up with his peers in physical development, he began to train independently and already at age 14 had the body of an athlete.
In 1926, Pilates moved to the United States, where he opened his own sports studio. One of his first clients was celebrities - ballet dancer Martha Graham and choreographer George Balanchine. Soon, almost all New York City Ballet dancers were able to evaluate the Joseph Pilates system, which the author himself called controlology. Its essence was that all the exercises were performed while sitting and lying on the mat (which is especially important for those who have suffered an injury), however, the effect of them was even better than that of classes at the ballet machine.
In the 90s of the last century, the Pilates technique was adopted by trauma doctors, then it appeared in sports centers. Of course, under the influence of modern medicine and current fitness trends, not all of the original exercises have reached us in their original form, but the main idea of Pilates gymnastics has remained unchanged.Today, Pilates includes more than 500 exercises. Each of them works on the body as a holistic system, since the basic principle is the strengthening of its central part - the press, lower back, thighs, buttocks. The muscles located there affect the tone of the body as a whole. All movements in this system are different. They are performed without pauses, with smooth transitions from one to another. The main thing here is not quantity, but quality, so the number of repetitions may be minimal.
At the initial level, all exercises are done lying on the floor. It is believed that beginners should first of all master the technique of performing exercises and breathing, learn to concentrate and analyze sensations. Then training is complicated by the use of special equipment: flexible rings, dumbbells, rubber shock absorbers or balls. And finally, the most difficult stage is considered to be classes on special Pilates simulators. They do not have a rigid fixed support, therefore, when performing exercises, it is necessary to make additional efforts to maintain balance.
As a result of classes, coordination of movements improves, flexibility develops, posture improves, which means that the work of all internal organs is normalized. This gymnastics teaches us to move beautifully, gracefully and gracefully. Pilates exercises relieve fatigue, improve mood, give a sense of peace.
Callanetics, like Pilates, is named for its author, the American ballerina Callan Pinkey. At the end of her dance career, she made a long journey through the East, after which she decided to create a complex that combines ballet stretching and yoga exercises. Knowing that most women do not like to do gymnastics, Callan Pinckney thought out the workouts so as not to do them too often. First, for several months, to achieve a result, you need to do callanetics twice a week for an hour, after which you can still reduce the number of workouts to maintain shape - up to an hour a week or 15 minutes daily.
Just like Pilates, callanetics teaches us to control our body, corrects posture, normalizes metabolism. What distinguishes these systems is only the way to achieve goals. In Pilates there are no static and excessively complex movements, and the basis of callanetics, on the contrary, is constituted by static exercises: taking the necessary posture, you need to hold it for 60-100 seconds to create a load on the muscles. Callanetics is called gymnastics of uncomfortable poses. And this definition is true. Try one of the simplest exercises: spread your arms to the sides at shoulder level and turn your palms up as much as possible. Now, without bending your elbows, pull your arms back as far as possible, as if wanting to connect the shoulder blades, and then smoothly move your shoulders. The correct implementation of this exercise raises the chest and relieves muscle tension between the shoulder blades. If you believe the author of the technique, Callan Pinckney, exercises on her system can make a ballerina out of any housewife. Moreover, the first results are noticeable after several workouts.
Thus, Pilates and callanetics are not just fashion trends in fitness. This is a new approach to physical improvement. That is why they have already won the hearts of millions of healthy lifestyle lovers around the world.