The Covid-19 pandemic has spread to almost every country in the world, and many governments have come to the conclusion that in order to avoid further spread of coronavirus infection, it will be necessary to carry out mass vaccination of the population. However, in this regard, there is no single plan and timing of events, and intentions change quite often.
So, in Germany, it was originally planned to start vaccination from December 15, but now this deadline has been postponed to January, and it will take on a massive scale no later than the summer of 2021. At the same time, it will be free for everyone, regardless of the type of insurance and on a purely voluntary basis, as stated by the Federal Minister of Health Jens Spahn. It has also been decided to postpone the final choice of vaccine manufacturers, and, most likely, it will be made in the middle of next year.
The situation is similar in Spain, where the government expects that about 20 million people in the country will be vaccinated against Covid-19 at 14,000 so-called "vaccination points". In the preliminary plan, the population is divided into 15 categories in order of priority: it is assumed that pensioners living in nursing homes are the first to receive the vaccine, then other representatives of risk groups who have many contacts at work (doctors, teachers, etc.), and the latter are children and adults who have had Covid-19.
In Portugal, the first stage of voluntary and free vaccination is scheduled for late January-early February, but unlike Spain, people over the age of 50 with various health problems, medical staff, military personnel, residents of nursing homes, and only then - pensioners. The Portuguese government is going to purchase 22 million doses, which, taking into account the two injections, means the expectation that everyone who resides here will want to be vaccinated (according to official figures - 10.3 million people).
In France, about 200 million doses have been ordered, which will also be enough to fully cover the population, although there is no talk of compulsory vaccination. Nevertheless, the country's leadership calls for "to show conscience" as many of its citizens and residents as possible. The first phase, which will begin in January, is planned to vaccinate staff and retirees from nursing homes, then representatives of at-risk groups, and finally everyone else.
The Italian government ordered the same number of doses, which has set a vaccination date for the end of January. In the first rows, medical workers and elderly people over 80 years old, as well as patients undergoing treatment in hospitals, are identified. Further, the plans include teachers, people over the age of 60 and those who are at risk. Although the vaccination is voluntary, the authorities strongly recommend that local residents get it.
The earliest people in Europe will begin to vaccinate the population of the UK, which was the first in the world to approve a vaccine from Pfizer / BioNTech. The order of priority is still unknown, but most likely priority will be given to the elderly living in nursing homes and the staff working there. State officials, including Prime Minister Boris Johnson, have repeatedly stressed that vaccinations will be voluntary.
It can be made mandatory in countries such as Austria, Australia, Canada, Argentina, although a significant proportion of the population, including doctors, strongly opposes such a measure and organizes protests. The main counterarguments are the violation of the fundamental rights and freedoms of citizens and the too rapid development of vaccines, which casts doubt on their effectiveness. For example, Canada's chief physician David Williams has already stated that "people without a vaccine" will be seriously restricted in their freedom of movement and will not be able to visit certain places without personal protective equipment, and may also not be able to access a number of services.
The most principled opponent of vaccination against Covid-19 as such is Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, who said that such a vaccination may only be needed for his dog, and he is not going to do it for himself.